Drones, money and propaganda
Drones, money and propaganda
The strategy of the international coalition in the war against the Islamic State combines three fundamental elements
Offensive in Mosul. Soldiers of the ninth division of the Iraqi army shoot from a hill in Talul al Atshana, on the outskirts of Mosul
A group of American, Israeli, Egyptian and Jordanian generals met recently behind closed doors to discuss the war against the Islamic State (IS). The strategy is based on “drones, loanes (control the flow of money) and phones (communications, control of propaganda and counterpropaganda),” they said. As for the attacks on the caliphate targets in Iraq and Syria with unmanned aircraft, helicopters and fighters, one of the US generals leading the coalition of 68 countries told this newspaper that “the organization of Abu Bakr al Baghdadi lost close to 50,000 men in two and a half years. The secret is to combine the three elements of the strategy, and we are doing it better now than before, “he explained.
The international coalition – which has already occupied the eastern part of Mosul, in Iraq, up to the Tigris River – is on full offensive to recover the western part of the city, still in the hands of the Islamic State. It is estimated that the campaign, orchestrated by American elite soldiers and executed by the Iraqi army and the Kurdish peshmerga, could take five or six months longer. There is also a partial site of Raqa , the IS capital of Syria, and the goal of liberating it after the full conquest of Mosul.
The military of the coalition consulted by La Vanguardia indicates that the IS has lost 63% of the territory it came to control in Iraq and 30% of that of Syria.
The military of the coalition consulted by La Vanguardia indicates that the IS has lost 63% of the territory it came to control in Iraq and 30% of that of Syria. Much of the evacuated areas have been mined, a fact that continues to cause victims in a massive way. “Before, the IS was like Genghis Khan, the Mongol emperor who occupied much of Central Asia at the beginning of the thirteenth century. They arrived, occupied, killed and reinforced the empire “, count the high commands in the meeting. Now, the Islamic caliphate, which is shrinking, seems on the map a garment pierced without territorial continuity. There are no more occupations by the jihadists in recent weeks, but there have been continued terrorist attacks in the style of al Qaeda: actions carried out in the rear of the enemy, such as the attempt to reoccupy the city of Kirkuk, in northern Iraq.
The coalition against the IS affirms that the world jihad was born four decades ago, and that each generation grows exponentially. Although the first wave that fought against the Soviet invasion in Afghanistan in 1989 was mostly composed of Afghan mujahideen, now experts believe that the IS has recruited more than 40,000 jihadists from 100 different countries. In turn, they consider that each generation is more radical than the previous one. In fact, jihad is a profession and not just a value system, so it is very difficult to withdraw from the struggle, and most of its members collaborate permanently and have no choice to flee. “The IS can be broken, but the ideology it represents will remain, perhaps under another name,” says Mike, a senior Kurdish official in Mosul.
The coalition against the IS affirms that the world jihad was born four decades ago, and that each generation grows exponentially.
The campaign against ISIS in Mosul began in October 2016. In June 2014, the city – with 3 million inhabitants – fell into the hands of the jihadists, who imposed on the local Christian population the dilemma between converting to Islam or paying a fee. tax. Almost all fled. The Muslims who remained have seen how the sharia was imposed, the Islamic law, which requires praying five times a day and quitting smoking or listening to music. For women, wearing tight dresses or putting on makeup is a condemnation of whipping in public. The thieves lose their arms and the accused of treason are beheaded before the cameras of the propaganda unit of the caliphate, in charge of directing the slaughtering and fighting.
The military of the international coalition, which has recently integrated Interpol as part of the anti-terrorist police fight, recognizes that between November 1 and the beginning of December 2016 the Islamic State used a cocktail of tactics that held back allied forces: Massive car bombs, suicide and intelligence drones, suicide jihadists, snipers, mines or tire burning to hinder air bombardment operations. The allies believe that the jihadists, who had some 8,000 fighters in Mosul, lost between 1,000 and 2,000 troops. Although the number of Iraqi army casualties is not official, it is estimated to be very similar.
Lately, the US military helps the Iraqi military and the Kurdish peshmerga to neutralize the threat of the caliphate drones
A peshmerga official, who has been fighting the caliphate for more than two years, says the presence of civilians in Mosul makes it difficult and slow to take the city, but the Iraqi army has not called for them to leave it out of fear. to the ISIS carrying out a mass killing. Lately, the US military It helps the Iraqi military and the Kurdish peshmerga – especially electronic warfare – to neutralize the threat of the caliphate drones. Military intelligence tries to find former members and collaborators of the Islamic State who shaved and are now hiding among the civilian population.
At the same time, in the liberated part of Mosul, the Iraqi Ministry of Education has started to return 250,000 students to the classrooms of the schools after years without going to class. In the part that still remains under the control of the EI, half a million inhabitants resist despite the lack of food, water and heating to face the cold winter. The zone under jihadist control is totally fenced, which prevents fighters from fleeing, so they fight to the last bullet.
Lisa Miara, an Israeli who leads an NGO that provides humanitarian aid in the vicinity of Mosul, says that the appearance of the escaped Mosul citizens reminds them of the survivors of the Nazi concentration camps at the end of World War II.